Making the hard argument

I recently read an article written by the a district superintendent in the Mountain Sky episcopal area.

The article is a critique of the Wesleyan Covenant Association. The author tries to demonstrate what he sees as hypocrisy and inconsistency in the positions of the WCA. In doing so, he writes some things that I found rather troubling.

Here is some of what he puts forward:

  • The ordination of women is unbiblical.
  • The toleration of divorced clergy is unbiblical.
  • John Wesley’s primary concern was in new expressions of faithfulness.
  • The Nicene Creed should not be used as a litmus test for orthodox Christianity.
  • Central Conferences in the UMC do not have to follow the doctrine of the UMC.

I think the author is wrong in all five of these claims, but today I want to respond to the assertions that the United Methodist Church’s current teaching regarding women’s ordination and divorce are not biblical.

Here is what I believe the author was trying to do. He believes the church is wrong to hold as a matter of doctrine and law that gay sex is sinful and that marriage is a union of one man and one woman. He wants to critique the WCA for its support of current church teaching, so he wants to demonstrate that it is at its core a hypocritical and intellectually shallow association. To do so he asserts that the WCA endorses clearly unbiblical stances on women’s ordination and divorce and suggests therefore that the WCA is merely playing power games in not endorsing the unbiblical teaching regarding gay sex.

I am troubled by this line of argument, especially coming from the member of the cabinet of one of our episcopal areas.

Here is why.

He is asserting that the official United Methodist Church teaching on women’s ordination and divorce are unbiblical. I don’t believe that is fair or true. I believe our doctrines are compatible with the Bible and that we do not hold them in spite of what the Bible says but because of what it says. I believe our denomination tries rather hard to be faithful to its doctrinal standard that says the Bible is final authority in all matters of faith and practice and that we cannot adopt as church teaching or law something that we believe is in direct violation of biblical teaching.

As I see it, there are at least two ways of arguing that our church should change its teaching with regard to gay sex and gay marriage. The first is to do as this author appears to do. Argue that the church has already opted to ignore the Bible in many areas and therefore should do so again. In making this argument there is almost always the implication that dark motives are the real reason behind the current teaching and support of it. The upholders of current teaching are cast as bigots or cynical hypocrites. In addition, such arguments appear to take the stance that it is okay to endorse one unbiblical position because we have endorsed another one. That strikes me as a foolish rule, akin to saying two wrongs make a right. If the church is violating the Bible in ordaining women or permitting divorce, as the author of the article asserts, then the proper response would be to advocate for a revision of our doctrine and law regarding women’s ordination and divorce not the adoption of more self-consciously unbiblical teaching.

The second way to make this argument — and one that seems much more in keeping with the golden rule — is to assume that our church actually has arrived at its current teaching through faithful attempts to listen to Scripture. As the church is always in need of reform, we accept that we always stand in risk of being wrong about the teaching of Scripture and so are open to being taught. But we never intentionally and willfully dismiss Scripture and strive never to hold as doctrine any teaching that we believe is incompatible with the Bible. And so to argue that gay sex is not sinful and that marriage is not intended by God to be between one man and one woman, our author would need to demonstrate how a full and careful reading of the Bible actually supports these positions.

That is a hard argument to make. I know that some have attempted to make it. I know as well that many outside the church have no interest in making it. Millions of people who have no particular regard for the Bible cannot be bothered to treat the church’s attempts to be faithful to the Bible with respect. I understand that. I just hope that within the church we might start from a different place.

The danger of Christmas

It is that time of year when that slumbering beast the Christmas marketing machine stirs from its summer hibernation, opens its glittering jaws, and tries to devour all light and joy within itself.

On every screen that captivates our attention and in every shop window and aisle, we are bombarded with the message that happiness lies in buying things and getting gifts. Economic empires rise and fall based on how well companies can convince us to covet the new and pretty things that they have to offer us.

In the face of this onslaught of materialism, I received this small gift and reminder from John Wesley as I was reading his sixth sermon on the Sermon on the Mount.

[O]ur prayers are the proper test of our desires; nothing being fit to have a place in our desires which is not fit to have a place in our prayers: What we may not pray for, neither should we desire.

The trick with such a quotation, of course, is that we have a lot of teachers in the church who have taught us to pray for exactly the same things that the secular marketing machine wants us to desire. We have far too many pastors and teachers who teach us to pray not for our “daily bread” but for gold and fame and so many other treasures that perish like dust.

So the work of the church, in many cases, is the work of redigging old wells. We have to teach people what it means to pray as a Christian rather than as a well-trained participant in our economic system, and we have to help each other bend our desires to the things that our Lord would have us seek.

The old Methodist teaching went something like this. As we pray that God give us our daily bread — just what we need to make it through the day each day — so this is all we should desire. While we work hard to make the most of the gifts God has placed in our hands, we are called to desire nothing more than the simple necessities that secure life and provide for the needs of our families. Perhaps the Lord will bless us with more than this, but we should desire only what our Lord himself had for himself: sufficient food to eat, clothing to wear, a roof over our heads (and even he did not always have that), the comfort of friends, good work to do, and time alone with God.

Perhaps this is too spare a list. It feels that way to me if I am honest about the rumblings of my own heart. But here is the challenge I place before myself. Search the scriptures. See what our Lord teaches on these matters. Ask whether that rumbling in our hearts comes from the Holy Spirit or is perhaps the sign of another spirit at work in us.

We celebrate on Christmas the child born in a feeding trough for animals. It is not proper for us to desire more than our king required.

Strange evangelism

I had a friend tell me I should go see the movie Dr. Strange. He knows I am a nerd. He knows I have enjoyed some of the other Marvel superhero movies. He saw the new movie and thinks I would like it. So he encouraged me to go see it.

In the middle of this conversation, I had no sense that this was awkward or difficult for him. He did not have to work himself up to do it. He just shared it because he knew it would be something positive for me.

As I reflect on this, I contrast it with the great reluctance so many Christians feel toward sharing the good news and inviting people to church. I wonder why it is so different from telling people about a movie or a book or a restaurant that we love.

The steps seem simple enough.

My friend knew I liked Marvel movies and I was a nerd. So the first step is to know someone and know something about them. I suspect my friend would have felt awkward had someone told him to go stand on a street corner and shout out about how great Dr. Strange was. He would not have enjoyed going door-to-door in a neighborhood telling people he did not know they should go see the movie. Neither should we.

If you want to feel more comfortable telling people about how great Jesus is and how great your church is, you have to know the people you are talking to and know something of their wants, longings, fears, and struggles. This is why pastors can’t be the primary evangelists at your church. They only get to know a small number of people and most of them don’t let the pastor really know them – not at first.

My friend liked the movie and thought I would like it. Okay, here is a tougher one. We can’t persuade people to be interested in Jesus and our church if we are not all that interested in them ourselves. If knowing Jesus Christ has not done anything to change your life or enrich it, then it is going to be hard to persuade someone else that discipleship is good for them. It comes down to this.  We have to actually believe that knowing Jesus Christ will make someone’s life better before we can be enthusiastic about explaining that fact to someone else.

In my teaching days at the business school, I used to tell student groups who were working on presentations that the first thing they needed to do was to come up with an idea they were actually excited about and interested in. I told them that if they were not excited by their idea, then there was zero chance anyone else would be.

If we are not excited by being a disciple of Jesus Christ, then we are never going to convince other people to join us.

My friend encouraged me to go see it. He said, “You should go see it. You will really like it.” Seems simple enough. And yet we struggle so much. In a sermon recently, I coached my congregation on this because so many people say they don’t know what to say to people. I said, “Say this: ‘I have this great church. It is so great to start my week each Sunday with them. I think you would really like it to. You should come worship with us on Sunday.'”

Not everyone will respond. That’s okay. But it is not hard to make the invitation.

I don’t pretend I have all the answers about this. I’d love to hear your thoughts on this topic. How do we pastors help explain evangelism to our congregations and help equip them to do it?